Sunday, July 18, 2010

The Monsoon along the Mogollon Rim.

The Mogollon Rim in north central Arizona rises suddenly to an elevation of about 7-8,000 feet above sea level. This sudden elevation change means that the rim gets more snow in the winter and more rain during the summer monsoon than anywhere but the highest mountains in the state. The area was made famous to the rest of the world by General Crook's campaigns against the Apache in the 1870's, and Zane Grey's writing in the 1920's. The rim has been an important summer hunting and gathering ground for thousands of years. The combination of high altitude and the resulting increased moisture means that water and a variety of plant and animal foods are available on the highlands above the rim when the desert below is sweltering in temperatures well over 100 degrees Fahrenheit. The berries we usually pick are not quite ripe yet, but should be within a week or so, and other interesting plants and animals are active.
A view of the Mogollon Rim from it's crest.
A mountain tree-frog Hyla eximia, one of two tree-frog species in Arizona.
This is the first time I have ever seen one, and I would have missed it among the green leaves if it had not moved when we walked by.
The first edible wild mushrooms of the year.
Oyster mushrooms are fairly easy to identify, and do not really have any toxic lookalikes.
Always be cautious collecting and eating wild mushrooms-consult 2-3 references and someone with experience first.
An unsuccessful attempt to dig a red squirrel out of it's refuge.


  1. Dear Bartimaeus,

    Thank you for posting your misgivings about the potential for Newcastle Virus vaccine induced serum to effectively treat Canine Distemper.

    On the Wikipedia site, there are references to other possible treatments for Canine Distemper and also for Canine Parvovirus, please see:

    Other treatments Wikipedia mentions for Canine Distemper include:
    1- the antiviral Ribavirin
    2- Vitamin A
    3- Interferon Alpha

    Regarding Ribavirin, please see: and

    Regarding Vitamin A please see:

    I did not find any sites discussing treatment with Interferon Alpha.

    What is your opinion of the potential efficacy of any of these treatments for Distemper?

    Other treatments Wikipedia mentions for Canine Parvovirus include:
    1- the antiviral Tamiflu
    2- colloidal silver
    3- IMULAN Bio Therapeutics LLC is researching a new biologic?
    4- Recombinant Feline Interferon Omega which is produced in silkworm larvae using a baculovirus vector. Wikipedia lists 4 references for this treatment:

    ^ Ishiwata K, Minagawa T, and Kajimoto T. (1998). "Clinical
    effects of the recombinant feline interferon-ω on
    experimental parvovirus infection in beagle dogs.". J. Vet.
    Med. Sci. 60 (8): 911–7. doi:10.1292/jvms.60.911. PMID
    ^ Martin V, Najbar W, Gueguen S, Grousson D, Eun HM,
    Lebreux B, Aubert A. (2002). "Treatment of canine parvoviral
    enteritis with interferon-omega in a placebo-controlled
    challenge trial". Vet. Microbiol. 89 (2-3): 115–127.
    doi:10.1016/S0378-1135(02)00173-6. PMID 12243889.
    ^ De Mari K, Maynard L, Eun HM, Lebreux, B. (2003).
    "Treatment of canine parvoviral enteritis with
    interferon-omega in a placebo-controlled field trial". Vet.
    Rec. 152 (4): 105–8. PMID 12572939.
    ^ Kuwabara M, Nariai, Horiuchi, Nakajima Y, Yamaguchi Y,
    Horioka I, Kawanabe M, Kubo Y, Yukawa M, Sakai T. (2006).
    "Immunological effects of recombinant feline interferon-ω
    (KT80) administration in the dog.". Microbiol. Immunol. 50
    (8): 637–641. PMID 16924149.

    Please also see: and
    which states that:
    "Feline recombinant interferon-omega is effective in the treatment of parvoviral enteritis in dogs and also inhibits replication of FPV in cell culture(9). So far, no data are available on the efficacy of this cytokine in FPV-infected cats, but it is expected to perform well - if not better - in the homologous host (Evidence based medicine grade IV)"

    Regarding Tamiflu please see:
    A Dr. Broadhurst in NC seems to be having success treating Parvovirus (Canine Parvovirus in dogs, and Feline Panleukopenia in cats and Feline Panleukopenia or maybe Raccoon Parvoviral Enteritis in raccoons) with the antiviral Tamiflu.

    As for colloidal silver I did not find anything to support it as a treatment for parvovirus, and I did not find anything about IMULAN Bio Therapeutics new treatment either.

    What is your opinion of the potential efficacy of any of these treatments? Not asking much eh? :)

    Thank you in advance for any insights you can offer.

    Edythe Butler
    Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

  2. Edythe; I took the liberty of copying this comment to the post on the newcastle treatment of distemper and will address your questions there.